Health Facts for You
The shunt diverts cerebrospinal fluid to the abdomen.
- Decreased appetite
- Blurred or double vision
- Increase in infant's head size
- "Sunset eyes" (eyes which do not look up)
Causes of Hydrocephalus
Hydrocephalus can be congenital (passed on via the child's genes) or acquired (developed at or after birth). The causes are not fully understood, but acquired (non-congenital) hydrocephalus may result from problems associated with premature birth, head injuries and tumors.
Treatment of Hydrocephalus
Hydrocephalus often requires the surgical placement of a shunt to divert excess fluid from the brain and relieve intracranial pressure. The shunt, a narrow tube placed in the brain ventricle, reroutes cerebrospinal fluid to the abdomen. This allows the cerebrospinal fluid to be absorbed back into the bloodstream which is the body’s normal process.