Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine: Contraception (Video Transcript)
Pediatrician Paula Cody, MD, of American Family Children's Hospital in Madison, Wisconsin, says contraception counseling for teenagers is a matter of health education and economics.
Watch Dr. Cody's video, or read the transcript below.
The Center for Disease Control Youth Behavior survey of 2011 has shown that in Wisconsin about 60 percent of people have had sexual intercourse by the time they graduate from high school. And about 1 in 3 have had sex in the past three months.
The behaviors, they may not be doing this risk-taking behavior with a lot of protection because under two-thirds used a condom at the last intercourse. And less than a quarter used birth control pills or any other effective means of contraception. And teen pregnancy prevention is not just a, the right decision. It's an economical decision.
Teen parents are less likely to graduate from high school. They have lower vocational attainment. And kids born to teen parents are more likely to have educational problems, to have physical health problems, and they're more likely to perpetuate the cycle and become teen parents themselves. And we have so many different contraceptive options available for teens, including birth control pills, the patch, the NuvaRing, an injection you get every ten to twelve weeks, implantable devices that last for three years or intrauterine devices that can last at least five years. We have so many options that it's easy to find, we can find the right match for your teen.
But remember, all of these contraceptive options protect, or prevent pregnancy when used correctly. However, they do not protect against sexually transmitted infections. So every sexual intercourse should be with a condom. Use a condom at every sexual intercourse. And abstinence is the only 100 percent way to prevent pregnancy and infections.
Studies have also shown that children want to hear this from their parents. They don't want to hear it from the Internet. There is some gross misinformation out there. They need to hear accurate information. They want to hear from their parents even more so than from their doctors.