Diabetes Insipidus

Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes Insipidus

Pediatric endocrinologists and diabetes specialists at American Family Children's Hospital treat diabetes insipidus, a condition in which the kidneys are unable to regulate the amount of fluid in the body that can lead to dehydration.

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms

  • Extreme thirst
  • Too frequent urination
  • Preferring ice cold water
  • Weight loss
  • Weight gain in babies
  • Dehydration

Types of Diabetes Insipidus

  • Central or Neurogenic Diabetes Insipidus: When the pituitary gland (a small gland just below the brain that controls other glands in the body) doesn’t release vasopressin into the bloodstream.
  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus: When the kidneys don’t respond to vasopressin.

Treating Diabetes Insipidus

Central or Neurogenic DI: Medication to take the place of the missing vasopressin. The medication can be taken as an injection or nasal sniff.

Nephrogenic DI:

  • Following a low-protein diet
  • Drinking fluids (mostly plain water)
  • Medication
  • Treating the source of kidney damage